Fintech

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4 min read

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September 29, 2022

A Complete Guide On Compliance Laws & Regulations

Compliance with laws & regulations set by the government signifies that a company abides by all applicable laws, regulations & requirements. To know more, click here!

Introduction

Regulations are official directives given to a business by a government agency. Regulations from the Central and state governments apply to most organizations doing business in a country.  Rules dictate how companies do business, handle their workforce, and interact with customers, among other things. Compliance with laws and regulations set by the government signifies that a company abides by all applicable laws, regulations, and requirements. Federal penalties are regularly imposed as a form of legal retribution for regulatory compliance violations. Legal compliance is a technique to ensure a company complies with all existing legislation, norms, and restrictions.

Regulatory Laws

  • OSPAR: 

"The 2017 signing of the updated OSPAR Information and Data Improved Performance ensures that a collection of records will remain updated and maintained while preserving the current pace of information and data creation in OSPAR. With the proposed program, improvements will be made in information systems, taxonomy, data management, accessibility, and data regulation and attribution."

  • SHIELD: 

The SHIELD (Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security) Act defines "Personal Information" as SSN (Social Security number), driver's license number, credit card details, debit card number, banking information (with or without PIN), personally identifiable information, user ID or email ID with a password that grants access to an electronic account, and mandates that all companies operating in New York implement an "information security program" to reasonably protects New Yorkers' data.

The SHIELD Act applies to all workplaces with workers in New York since "confidential communications" comprises an individual’s personal information and SSN."

  • CCPA: 

The CCPA (California Consumer Privacy Act), implemented in 2018, establishes additional interests of consumers around access to, removal, and sharing of protected information data collected by companies. To attain the objective of the CCPA, the Attorney General is also required to encourage extensive public involvement and establish laws. The new proposals would lay out steps to facilitate the process for consumers to use their new CCPA entitlements and then provide firms advice on how to adhere.

  • GDPR: 

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and the Council1 says that " the new GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), governs how people, businesses, and organizations in the EU process personal data about persons."

  • HIPAA: 

The United States law designated Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) Act of 1996 includes security and privacy safeguards for protecting health information.

"The prevalence of healthcare data breaches brought on by hacking and breaches on healthcare insurers and providers has increased community understanding of the law."

  • FISMA: 

"FISMA 2014 codifies the Department of Homeland Security's responsibilities for ensuring agency compliance with laws and regulations, data security policies, implementing those guidelines for federal Executive Branch civilian organizations, and aiding OMB in formulating those practices."

Compliance with law and regulations Guidelines

  • NIST: 

"To assist authorities in meeting the Federal Information Security Management Act requirements, NIST creates guidelines and regulations (FISMA). Through affordable schemes, NIST also supports such organisations in safeguarding their data and information systems.

  • DFS: 

"The NYDFS Cybersecurity Rule (23 NYCRR 500) is a unique set of regulations that enforce security criteria on all authorized banking institutions," according to the statement.

  • PCI: 

"The PCI-DSS (Payment Card Industry and Data Security Standard) is a set of instructions for firms that handle revenues by credit or debit card."

Frameworks

  • ISO: 

"ISO sets up documents that would provide necessities, quality standards, recommendations or qualities that can be used continuously to help make sure that components, brands, methods, and assistance are fit for their purpose," says the ISO (International Organization for Standardization), a private, semi organisation that offers top-notch requirements for systems, assistance, and goods.

  • SOC: 

Financial reporting firms may publish reports from the AICPA called SOCs (System and Organization Controls) for appropriate mechanisms at a service organisation. SOC 1, SOC 2, SOC 3, and SOC for Information security analysis are now available. Additionally, SOC + reports allow for integrating additional standards (i.e., HIPAA, HITRUST, NIST, etc.).

Conclusion

The phrase "regulatory compliance" describes the goal companies work towards to ensure they are aware of and adhere to all applicable laws, policies, and regulations within a jurisdiction. Organizations are using more unified and harmonized frameworks for the following safety due to the increasing number of rules and the desire for operational transparency. This approach enables all essential governance responsibilities to be completed without wasting resources on unnecessary activities.

FAQs

What do standards for compliance with law and regulations mean?
Standards for compliance with law and regulations are guidelines created by the US government that condense hundreds of US regulations and laws related to federal assistance (also referred to as federal funds or federal aid).
What laws govern compliance in the US?
Gramm-Leach-Bliley (GLBA), Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) Act, Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA), California Consumer Privacy (CCPA) Act are the laws governing compliance in the US.
What laws and regulations govern businesses?
Business legal aspects are the laws that govern businesses. They cover legislation related to property rights, employment, reinsurer, the formation of holding corporations for businesses, and other topics.
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